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Editor in Chief: RAFFAELLO COSSU
 

THE NATURE AND USE OF ECOTOXICOLOGICAL EVIDENCE: NATURAL SCIENCE, STATISTICS, PSYCHOLOGY, AND SOCIOLOGY
by Michael C. Newman

Review by Alberto Pivato, University of Padova


“Weight of evidence” (WOE) is a commonly used term in scientific literature, particularly in forensic sciences, environmental risk assessment and in policy decision-making processes. Its concept, however, is often misunderstood. In fact, as Weed (2005) reported in his review on the use of WOE in literature, three main interpretations can be identified: (1) metaphorical, where it refers to a collection of studies or to an unspecified methodological approach; (2) methodological, where it points to established interpretative methodologies or implies that “all” rather than some subsets of the evidence is examined, or rarely, where it points to quantitative methods for evidence estimation; and (3) theoretical, where it serves as a label for a conceptual framework.. >>> Download full article

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